The Advantages of Before, During, and After Reading Strategies
A specific reading strategy helps you grasp the material of the text more efficiently and quickly. Instead of reading the same content over and over again, readers may simply follow these three strategies and get ahead of their game.
“Before” Reading Strategy:
Before beginning a lesson, teachers should analyze their students’ depth of knowledge on the topic. Without a solid foundation it might be impossible for a reader to understand the lesson properly. Previous knowledge and experience are required to build a working foundation. For this very reason, “before” strategies are necessary for quick learning to take place.
“Before” reading strategies prepare the students for the assignment or lesson beforehand, providing the foundation stone to think critically. Instead of jumping into the lessons directly, it also encourages introducing it in small steps. In that way, it will garner a sense of interest among students for the next lesson as well.
1- K-W-L Chart
Before beginning a unit, using a K-W-L chart it can help assess students’ understanding of the topic. As part of the study, students start sharing information on the topic. Instructors at this point get to know about students’ standing on the topic.
Through a K-W-L chart, students can set their purposes for reading. They can list the things they want to learn by the end of the lesson. Therefore, it helps students fix a personal goal.
2- Word Sort
By letting readers categorize words into segments, a bigger picture can be revealed. The benefit of this method is that students can make a connection between the words they already know as well as the ones they don’t know. By working in groups, students learn to make a collective effort to know something new.
“During” Reading Strategy:
Instructors often expect a lot from their learners. The goal of “during” reading strategies is to help students meet those expectations by increasing their ability to comprehend. As part of this, students approach the text as an active search for knowledge or a method of decoding. The thing is to find out the key ideas or primary themes. It is a great way for readers to know whether they are really learning. “During” reading strategies effectively transform text into knowledge.
3- Venn Diagram
Venn diagram is a graphic organizer which can compare and contrast between two or more topics. Learners can fill in the graphic organizer when reading. This comes handy when students have to review something. Students can simply note down some keywords relevant to the ideas in concern to exemplify them later.
When students compile key ideas during reading, they understand the big ideas and information without any hassle.
“After” Reading Strategy:
The main purpose of “after” reading strategies is to wrap up, summarize, and finalize information gathered during reading. It furthers the understanding of main ideas while adding to the opportunity to think critically and deeply. Such strategies also make them aware of their potentials when they are trying to learn sincerely.
4- Story Boards
Storyboards enable readers to sequence, chronologize, plot, and order more efficiently. This doesn’t only necessitate students to read but also to fill in to complete something. As readers go through the text, they examine the page carefully to assign it as a kind of timeline, using diagrams, ideas, text, and pictures.
The strategy is standard for students to get an overall mental image of the text while chunking out vital information according to a chronological order.
Reading a text is like an art. Readers should remember that every text they face contains ideas, symbols, and meanings. These elements are put there intentionally for them to decipher. It is the reader’s duty to establish a liaison between the text and themselves following the methods of reading.